Archive for the ‘Telehealth’ tag
Telehealth is “the use of communications and information technology to deliver health services and exchange health information when distance separates the participants.”[Elford, 1998].
Many technologies are used for telehealth including: telephones, videophones, personal computers (PCs), videoconferencing systems, store and forward systems (S&F) and specialized telehealth workstations.
A telehealth system is made of the following components:
- Hardware, e.g. computer, workstation and peripherals. Peripheral devices are the devices that are connected to a workstation and allow the local health professional to capture clinical images, video, sounds and vitals, such as otoscope, electronic stethoscope, and general exam camera.
- Software installed on the workstation,
- Database to store patient information,
- Network or telecommunications link,
- Humans e.g. users, clinicians and patients,
- Policies and protocols.
- mHealth is short for “mobile health.”
- mHealth is term used to refer to provision of health care supported by mobile devices. The term is most commonly used in reference to using mobile communication devices, such as mobile phones and PDAs, for health services and information.
- mHealth is not one single technology. mHealth is an ecosystem and takes advantage of a lot of existing, mature technology — hardware, software, local wireless communications and telecommunications infrastructure.
- The mHealth field has emerged as a sub-segment of health informatics.
- mHealth applications include the use of mobile devices in collecting community and clinical health data, delivery of healthcare information to practitioners, researchers, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs, and direct provision of care.